The roof is the essential part of a house (a house without a roof cannot be considered a house). This is the most expensive part, because of the area and orientation it is the part most exposed to the elements and is the main responsible for the interior comfort and the damages caused during earthquakes and hurricanes. A well-designed durable roof can compensate for a large number of problems that could arise in other parts of the building. However, the technical aspects are not the only determinants of the roof design. Many traditional cultures attach greater importance to other criteria, such as religious belief, local lifestyles and social status, and these should be respected in the design of housing schemes, especially to avoid the depressing monotony of residential areas today in the day they are very similar in all parts of the world. Have a look at Roofing Toronto offers!
Since traditional, non-technical aspects are important in roof design, they cannot be treated in a technologically oriented book like this one. Below we will summarize the different types of roof and the main criteria for the design of roofs in the two main climatic regions, that is, those that are predominantly warm humid and those that are predominantly warm-dry. When it comes to projecting a house there are millions of details that demand our attention and, one of them is deciding how we want the roof. Flat roofs are an alternative to traditional gable roofs but have as many detractors as defenders. However, opt for a roof of these characteristics has certain advantages to take into account when choosing. Among them is the possibility of creating certain spaces such as garden, terrace and even pool, a very seductive idea, especially to make the most of it in the summer season.
In general, those who bet on this type of construction do not have in mind to move in a short period of time and that, to start a project like this, requires the advice of an expert. Modernity, straight lines and geometric volumes usually define these spaces and proof of this is the 20 flat-roofed houses that we have selected for you in this book of ideas. Ready to know all the details? Look no further other than Roofing Toronto!
Why to opt for flat roofs by Roofing Toronto
- A house of the future
Minimalist in style, the first stop is in this simple-looking house sitting on a large rectangular block. The main element opens onto a large modern space that offers stunning views of the wooden terrace and pool, a luxury for any family.
- Light tilt
The fall of water is one of the factors that influence the choice of the roof of our home. In this case, it has been chosen to use a slight inclination to favour it, a detail that does not diminish the splendour of this spacious house with few rooms and a cozy interior. All the rooms have a direct access.
Do you need help with your project?
Contact us at Roofing Toronto!
- An impressive wooden house
With a flat roof and a warm aspect, we find this impressive wooden house that translates this ‘home warmth’ thanks to the use of this material in the façade. The panoramic view from the garden confirms that it is a very successful space to enjoy in the company of family and friends.
- The modernity made home
From outside a white cube of the most modest, inside, a simple but bright home divided into two floors that accommodate comfortable and cozy furniture. As in the previous cases, we are facing a construction that offers a habitability solution with a flat roof very comfortable for its owners.
- Combinations that fall in love: white and wood
There are combinations that simply work perfectly and that is precisely what happens in this house that plays with white and wood. This last material appears both outsides and inside the building and is the perfect counterpoint to the white that bathes the house. The terrace is undoubtedly one of the most outstanding values of this construction whose contemplation translates space lightness and a curious serenity.
- A unique contemporary house
With an area of 250 square meters, this house could not be more spectacular. Its simple but cozy design is dotted with elegance and sophistication. Despite being a construction on a single floor, its spaces contain everything necessary to meet the demands of their owners, including perfectly lit exteriors, ideal for enjoying the summer nights.
- Eclectic style rooms
If we used to talk about perfect combinations, why not play with different styles? This flat roof house combines modernity with rustic style in an incomparable setting. The landscape that houses the property makes its wood design project beyond its walls helped, in part, by the presence of this material on the terrace around the pool. The colours intermingle resulting in an aesthetically appealing panoramic.
Functionality and sustainability are two of the characteristics that make this house a very attractive option. Apart from its flat roof, the project has all the luxury of details to make the most of its characteristics as open and elongated space, something that is observed, for example, in the large glass walls that allow a spectacular natural lighting.
- Flat roof and pool
Once again we have a perfect game of use of wood and white colour. The simplicity of the house is not incompatible with its comfortable and functional character. The key lies in the correct management of materials and space, a simpler task if it is placed in the hands of a professional architect.
How about a touch of modernity combined with wood? This large two-storey bucket is the living image of what both ingredients can produce: a functional and seductive construction suitable to cover all your needs.
- House for a contemporary family
A flat roof does not have to assume a boring design and if not, look at this house. Its cascading structure gives it a point of originality, in addition to favouring the entry of natural light in all interior spaces.
When building foundations for sheds and small houses there are lots of options to choose from when it comes to foundation construction materials and techniques. Durability, simplicity and cost are the factors that often determine the foundation type selected for a particular project.
It’s difficult to beat concrete foundations from the standpoint of durability which explains why concrete is so widely used in foundation construction. Three of the most common types of concrete foundations are the;
- concrete slab foundation
- concrete pier foundation
- poured concrete stem wall foundation
A fourth type of concrete foundations is that where hollow concrete blocks are used to build a stem wall similar to that obtained with poured cement.
Using this method involves laying hollow concrete blocks with mortared joints between them. This method isn’t widely used for do-it-yourself projects because it requires a fair amount of masonry skills to obtain a foundation that is level and plumb.
There is however an excellent technique involving the use of concrete blocks that can be effectively used by the average homeowner in building a strong, durable foundation for shed and small house construction projects. The method involves dry stacking the blocks on a level grade without the use of mortared joints.
For the next part, if you have a laser level, that will really help you speed up your work. If you don’t and want to buy one, you can check out our laser level reviews to help you buy the right laser level for you.
Advantages of Dry Stack Concrete Block Construction
Reduced concrete foundation cost is one of principal advantage of building foundations from concrete blocks. Using cement blocks eliminates the materials costs associated with forms and the work required for all types of poured concrete foundations. The savings with block construction are especially significant in comparison to forming and pouring slabs and continuous stem walls.
Dry stack cement block construction is both strong and durable. According to the article “How to Build a Mortarless Concrete Stem Wall” published at the Wonder How To website, when properly constructed a dry stack cement block stem wall foundation can be “seven times stronger” than a traditional mortared block stem wall.
Building foundations using this method is simple with no masonry skills required. Once proper attention has been devoted to leveling the first course of blocks on a prepared grade it is a simple matter of creating a level and plumb foundation stem wall by dry stacking the additional block courses.
Blocks are relatively inexpensive and widely available at most lumberyards and home improvement retailers. While hollow concrete blocks come in a variety of sizes the 8 inch x 8 inch x 16 inch block is a good choice for foundation construction.
Foundation Construction Site Preparation
Traditional methods of laying out a square foundation including the use of batter boards are used with the dry stack technique.
Once the perimeter of a square foundation has been identified, excavation is the next step. The grade needs to be excavated so that the first course of blocks will be set below the local frost line to minimize the chance of foundation settling.
Some pick and shovel work is generally sufficient for excavations that will accommodate small buildings up to about 12 feet x 16 feet but renting a small excavator from a local construction equipment rental retailer can make the job easier and faster.
Devoting some attention to getting the bottom of the excavated perimeter as level as possible will simply the leveling of the first course of blocks but once the process of laying the first course begins, each block will need to be leveled in both directions block by block. Once excavation is completed unless poured concrete footings will be used, the earth should be well tamped with a hand tamping tool.
Wooden stacks driven at each of the four corners and mason string should be used to define the outside perimeter of the foundation to ensure that the first course is laid in straight lines.
Dry Stack Cement Block Construction Technique
Starting at one corner, the first course of blocks is laid. Each block must be leveled in both directions when set and each subsequent block must be checked to make certain it is level with the previous block. The first course is the most time consuming but once it is finished it is a simple matter of stacking blocks in a running bond pattern to complete the additional courses.
After all courses have been completed the next step is inserting rebar. The 3/8 inch rebar is a good choice since it can be cut to length using a bolt cutter if a chop saw is not available.
Rebar should be cut to a length equal to the height of the stem wall plus 12 inches. A length of rebar should be driven into each of the holes in the hollow blocks until the top of the rebar is below the top of the last course of blocks.
With the rebar in place, using a trowel all of the voids in the blocks should be filled with mixed concrete level with the top course of blocks. J-bolts can then be installed at desired intervals for use in attaching the building sill plates.
Once the concrete has set in the voids of the wall an optional but recommended step for getting the strongest foundation is the application of structural stucco to the inside and outside of the stem wall. In addition to added lateral structural applying the stucco gives the foundation a smooth attractive appearance.
The dry stack cement block construction technique for foundations is nothing new. As noted at The Natural Home Building Source website, the technique has been effectively used for more than a century. It is a simple, strong and cost effective foundation method for any small building home construction project.